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White Breast-Strap

The Lakota Wiciska (White Sash) warrior society was assumed to be a branch or merely a variant of the older Ihoka society. The insignias (emblems or symbols of office) of this society consist of: (i) 2 pipes similar to those used in Ihoka; (ii) 2 split buffalo horn bonnets decorated on top with a bunch of strips of rabbit fur or eagle down and on the back — a long trailer of red trade cloth with a crest of eagle feathers; (iii) 4 lances: two crooked ones wrapped with otter fur and decorated with eagle feathers; and two straight ones which have a strip of red cloth and a strip of blue cloth, wrapped with sinew so that the red and blued showed on succession; (iv) 2 sabers with pendent split black otter skin on the guard, adorned with 6 eagle feathers (instead of sabers Wissler mentions 2 nicked whips with brass tacks on the handle, so it seems that sabers were a later replacement or perhaps they were used interchangeably in different Lakota bands).
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